If you have been looking for the perfect farmland and have finally found what you want, you may want to jump right in due to your excitement. Before you sign on that dotted line, however, you need to do a few things first. This will ensure your farmland will work out well for you with no surprise problems in the future. Below are three things you should start with.
If you are going to use your farmland for crops, you need to take a soil test. Get a sample of soil from various areas of the land instead of just one single sample. Because this is an important purchase, let your local extension office do the soil test for you. They can do a much more in-depth test that will show the exact nutrients the soil needs. This will ensure your crops will grow healthy for you.
When you take in the soil test, tell the examiner what you will be planting. This is important, as things like corn may not require the same nutrients as things like tomatoes.
Hire a land surveyor to check if your farmland is zoned, which is known as agricultural zoning. You should also ask the land surveyor to check your farmland to make sure you own what you think. They can tell how much exactly the land is, and can show you all the boundary lines so you do not go over them. A company like Crest Engineering Associates can give you more information.
Agricultural zoning basically tells you what you can do with your farmland. This is to protect your land, as well as any farming activities that you do, that has non-farm uses. This could be many factors such as how many non-farm dwellings are on your property, how many uses are allowed, and the minimum size of the farm land. Your local office can explain to you about all of this in many more details.
If you do find out that the farmland is zoned, then you should ask what the requirements are. You can ask the land owner this information, but you should still find this on your own just to be safe.
Talk with the landowner, land broker, or real estate agent about the water source on the land. Ask them if the land has been properly irrigated to make sure the soil is healthy. Ask how many water wells are on the land, and if they are registered with the appropriate authorities. Contact the Department of Agriculture in your state to find out what your water laws are, because these laws depend on what state you live in.
If you need help with any of this, talk with the land broker or your real estate agent.